Think about clean: cleaning products that are harmful to your health — and don’t tell you
The Environmental Working Group — creators of the Dirty Dozen and Clean Fifteen lists of pesticides in produce — released this morning another exhaustive guide to healthy and green living… this time regarding that bucket o’ cleaning supplies in your home. Duh, duh, duh…
Does anyone else know, without even looking, that they’re probably guilty of haphazard purchasing in this category? I was scared to take a look, to measure my cleaning arsenal against this list, which ranks cleaning products A through F based on the safety of their ingredients and their willingness to disclose ingredients upfront.
While a growing number of my products boast “green” buzzwords, the report found that some of these still don’t tell us everything that’s in them. Full ingredient labels are not federally mandated on cleaning labels as they are on food, drug and cosmetic labels (something groups like EWG are trying to change). The Group’s researchers spent more than a year researching product labels, cross-checking some 15 government and medical databases and delving deep into companies’ websites to find their products’ contents.
What did they find? More than half of the cleaning products EWG assessed contain ingredients known to be harmful to the lungs, while others contained known carcinogens like formaldehyde and chloroform. And just 7 percent of products did a decent job of disclosing contents.
A quick glance at my bucket of products revealed vague references to “vinegar” and “green list” ingredients, but nothing close to a full list of ingredients or percentages. One of my bottles even landed in EWG’s Hall of Shame for cleaning products: a spray bottle of Simple Green that I’ve never actually used. While it’s labeled “non-toxic” and “biodegradable,” the product contains a strong solvent that damages red blood cells and irritates eyes. Its label includes instructions to heavily dilute the liquid before use, but the bottle has a spray nozzle that implies “ready to squirt!”
The only bottle I could be sure about was the one I’d filled with watered-down ammonia to deep clean the house we moved out of last spring. And with a dog in the house that licks nearly every surface in it, I should probably be a bit more careful about what I’m using (although she regularly licks bug spray off of us with seemingly no adverse effects).
So how can you use this list? If you’re looking for a quick list of products that got EWG’s stamp of approval (for being non-harmful to both the residents of your home and the environment), you can find that here. Upfront, they recommended brands like Green Shield Organic and Whole Foods’ Green Mission brands. If you’d like to analyze the spread of products already in your house, you can download the full report here.
Here’s quick rundown of general recommendations for selecting cleaning products (including some new-to-me facts) from the report:
- Air fresheners contain secret fragrance mixtures that can trigger allergies and asthma. Open windows or use fans.
- Antibacterial products can spur development of drug-resistant superbugs.
- Fabric softener and dryer sheet ingredients can cause allergies or asthma and can irritate the lungs. Try a little vinegar in the rinse cycle.
- Caustic drain cleaners and oven cleaners can burn eyes and skin. Use a drain snake or plunger in drains. Try a do-it-yourself paste of baking soda and water in the oven.
So how is your household arsenal measuring up? Just on the list above, I scored a about a one-out-of-four. I’ve used air fresheners, antibacterial products and dryer sheets in the past… so the only thing I did right is using a baking soda paste to clean out the oven (which is a dreadful chore no matter what you use). Comment below to let me know what you think of the list, to recommend good products or to confess your house-cleaning sins…
Happy Fall Cleaning!